September is National child obesity Awareness Month, a sobering reminder that one in 5 children in the U.S. is obese, says Teresa Henson, the University of Arkansas at pine bluff Extension specialist and nutrition outreach coordinator.
During the month, Arkansans can take some time to learn more about the causes of obesity in children, in addition as some ways to encourage children to adopt healthy habits in regard to diet and exercise.
WHAT IS CHILDHOOD OBESITY?
Nowadays child obesity is one of the big problems. Obesity is not only spread in adults, but it spread in Childers also. Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat or unwanted fat accumulation that may impair health. Childhood obesity is a medical condition that affects or connected to children and teenagers. Everyone has a body shape that’s just right for him or her but sometimes we are able to store excess body fat.
A healthy weight trajectory is where height and weight change proportionally together as children develop. When children are off or passive situations the healthy weight trajectory, their weight gain is disproportionate to their change in height, meaning the gain of body fat that can negatively impact his or her healthy development or perfect fit and health overall.
If a child or adult stores were too much fat they can be classified as overweight or obese. Here you can notice that for your child, a sign of childhood obesity is a weight well above the average for a child’s height and age.
If left unchecked, research shows that these children are more likely to become obese adults and thus more likely to experience compromised health due to chronic disease, contributing to growing personal and health care costs.
Children at risk of becoming overweight or obese include children who:
- A child which is not physically active each day.
- A child who is watching a lot of TV and play a lot of video games, activities that don’t burn calories (sedentary time).
- A child who is living in an environment where healthy eating and physical activity are not encouraged.
- A child who has a lack of information about sound approaches to nutrition.
- Have a lack of access, availability, and affordability to healthy foods.
Why obesity is a problem for children?
Obesity puts child at risk for medical problems that can affect their health and body fitness now and in the future.
Overweight and obese child are also at risk for:
- Bone and joint problems.
- shortness of breath that makes exercise, sports, or any physical activity or body working for perfect shape more difficult. This also can make or affects childhood asthma symptoms worse or lead a child to develop asthma.
- Restless sleep or breathing problems at night, such as obstructive sleep apnea.
- A tendency to mature earlier than you think. An overweight child may be taller and more sexually and more mature as well as very understandable than their peers, raising expectations that they should act as old as they look, not as old as they are. Overweight girls may have irregular menstrual cycles and fertility problems in adulthood, not be able to do concentrate for a long time as well liver and gallbladder disease.
What are the main causes of childhood obesity?
The main cause of child obesity related to lifestyle issues — too little activity and take too many calories from food and drinks — are the main causes of contributors to childhood obesity. But in your body genetic and hormonal factors might play a role as well.
Childhood obesity prevention programs
Effectiveness of a childhood obesity prevention programs delivered through schools, small government educational sectors who are education and train the kids or child that targeting 6 and 7-year-olds: cluster randomized controlled trial (WAVES study) Instead of penning them in and shrinking pizzas, let children play outside with their friends – and not just for the exercise.
What are the risk factors for obesity?
Many risk factors for overweight and childhood obesity. Some risk factors can be changed perfectly, such as unhealthy lifestyle habits and environments. Other obesity risk factors, such as age, family history and genetics, race and ethnicity, and sex, cannot be changed. Healthy lifestyle changes can actually decrease your risk for developing overweight and obesity.
There are many factors responsible for childhood obesity— usually working in combination — increase your child’s risk of becoming overweight:
- Diet – If your are eating regularly baked goods and vending machine snacks, fast foods, can cause your child to gain weight very fast because of its high calorie. Candy and desserts also can cause weight gain quickly, and more and more evidence points to sugary drinks, including fruit juices and sports drinks, as culprits in obesity in some people.
- Lack of exercise – Children who don’t exercise much are more likely to gain weight very fast because they don’t burn as many calories. Too much time spent in sedentary activities, such as watching television for long time or playing video games for very long time regularly, also contributes to the problem. TV shows also often feature ads for unhealthy foods which is very effective to people.
- Family factors – If your child comes from a family of overweight or obese people , he or she may be more likely to put on weight easily. This is especially true in an environment or people who eat high-calorie food or where high-calorie foods are always available and physical activity isn’t encouraged.
- Psychological factors – Personal, parental and family stress can easily increase a child’s risk of obesity very fast. Some children regularly overeat to cope with problems or to deal with emotions, such as stress, or to fight boredom. Their parents might have similar tendencies.
Get 60 Minutes of Physical Activity Per Day
It is important for children to get up and move around near or far, as it benefits both their physical and mental health as well. when you do exercise, your brain releases chemicals called endorphins, which can help improve your mood and physical health also.
Limit Screen Time
With all the new gadgets, technology and gizmos available, it is easy to sit for hours and sometimes for a half-day on end and stare at a screen. Set a time limit of 30 to 60 minutes for the day, and encourage your kids to get outside or play with other toys and friends.
Now here given Below is, learn how to calculate your child’s risk for being overweight or obese, and the health risks it poses.
Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on the weight in relation to height. In short – In children, the BMI percentile is the best and perfect measurement of body fat. A BMI percentile compares your child’s BMI to others of the same age and gender. Children with a BMI in the 85th percentile and above are at risk for being overweight or child obesity or obese. Hope you now understand What is CHILDHOOD OBESITY, Why obesity is a problem for the child, Solutions to solve child obesity and what is Childhood obesity prevention programs as well. At last hope, you understand the steps that you have to take for How to solve childhood obesity.