Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a serious disease associated with the ovaries of women and at this time the number of women suffering from it is increasing rapidly all over the world. Due to PCOS, the balance of hormones in the body of women gets disturbed, which makes it difficult to conceive.
It is generally considered to be a lifestyle disease, but the main reasons behind its occurrence are not yet known. This problem is also known as polycystic ovary disease (PCOS). Some women get confused about the names of both PCOS and PCOD which is not the case. When many symptoms of any health-related problem start appearing together, then it is called syndrome. Therefore, there is no difference between these two diseases PCOS and PCOD but only the difference in name. In this article, we are telling you in detail about the symptoms, causes and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. let’s know
What is PCOS?
This is a problem related to the ovaries, due to which the condition of hormone imbalance starts to arise in the body of women. In such a situation, instead of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) in the body of women, the level of male hormones (androgens) actually starts increasing more. Due to PCOS, many cysts start forming in the ovaries. These lumps are small sac-shaped and filled with fluid. Gradually these lumps start getting bigger and then they obstruct the process of ovulation. Due to the lack of ovulation, the chances of pregnancy in women suffering from PCOS are less. Women with PCOS also have an increased risk of easily developing type-2 diabetes.
Although the cure of PCOS is not completely possible but by making effective changes in lifestyle, diet and with the help of proper right treatment, the symptoms of PCOS can be reduced to a great extent. It is not to say at all or not necessary that women suffering from PCOS can never become mothers, with PCOS can be a mother. Rather it depends on the severity of the disease and the treatment. Women suffering from this can also become pregnant with the right treatment and make necessary changes in lifestyle.
Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Most women are really not aware of the disease until they undergo a pregnancy test. Due to not knowing at the right time, this problem increases a lot. However, you can recognize it by its initial symptoms. Let us know about the main symptoms of PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome).
PCOS affects your periods the most and due to this the menstrual cycle gets disturbed or in many cases, there is no period at all. Therefore, note down the date of your menstruation carefully and if you do not have menstruation on time, go to the doctor and get yourself checked.
Women suffering from PCOD disease have more bleeding than normal during menstruation.
Unwanted hair growth
Most women suffering from PCOS start growing hair on their face and body like men. Especially more hair starts appearing on the chest, abdomen, and back. This type of unwanted hair growth like men on the body is a symptom of hirsutism.
When suffering from PCOD disease, the level of male hormones increases in the body of women, and these male hormones make the skin more oily, which leads to acne on the face or chest. If acne is coming out again and again, then it can be due to PCOS, so go to the doctor and get yourself examined.
When suffering from PCOS, women also start gaining weight and if not taken care of properly, they can become a victim of obesity. Therefore, do not ignore the increasing weight, rather go to the doctor and find out the right reason for it.
In some women, the problem of headaches also starts due to hormonal imbalance.
Change in behavior
Due to the increase in the level of male hormones in women suffering from PCOS, its effect is also visible in their behavior and they become more irritable and angry than before.
Not getting enough sleep is also a symptom of polycystic ovary syndrome. In such a situation, even after taking sleep and getting up from sleep, you feel tired. Although these problems can also be symptoms of diseases like sleep apnea, but if you are feeling something like this, then get yourself tested.
If you have many of the above-mentioned symptoms, then without delay, get your complete examination done by the doctor and find out the right reasons.
Reasons for having PCOS
Till now the exact cause of PCOS is not known and research is going on all over the world on this topic. Some research has shown that the problem of PCOS is also genetic which means that if someone in your family already suffers from PCOS then your chances of getting this problem increase significantly. It has also been seen that along with having diabetes, if there is an irregularity in the period of women, then the chances of PCOS also increase in such women.
Measures to prevent PCOS
Although it is sometimes difficult to fix this problem completely, still you can easily protect yourself from PCOS by properly taking care of some things. Especially you have to make a lot of changes in your lifestyle. Let us step by step know what to do to perfectly prevent PCOS.
If both your weight and body mass index (BMI) are more than normal, then do not ignore it as a common problem, but try to lose weight as soon as possible. Reducing 5 to 10% of body weight helps in regularizing the menstrual cycle and also improves the symptoms of PCOS.
With PCOS, the body weight starts increasing rapidly and at the same time, the level of insulin also increases. In such a situation, it is very important to exercise daily in the morning and evening, otherwise, your problems will increase further. Regular exercise helps in controlling the weight and reducing the weight also helps in controlling the insulin. So exercise daily.
Some research has found that eating low-carbohydrate foods helps in reducing both weight and insulin. Therefore, use more things with a low glycemic index such as fruits, green vegetables and whole grains in your diet. These things are more helpful in regulating the menstrual cycle.
Keep in mind that exercise alone is not enough to reduce the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome, but it is very important to eat a nutritious diet along with exercise. Exercising along with a good diet leads to quick weight loss and also reduces the risk of diabetes and heart diseases.
Treatment of PCOS
It is true that this disease cannot be completely cured but its symptoms can be cured to a great extent with the help of some treatments. Because of PCOS, hormones are most affected, so women suffering from PCOS are usually advised by doctors to take birth control pills. So that the disturbed cycle of hormones can be corrected. Apart from this, some such treatments are done to get rid of unwanted hair, so that hair can be stopped from growing.
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